How To Repair Windows 10

When it comes to repairing Windows 10, it's important to have a clear understanding of the various methods and tools available. Windows 10 is a complex operating system that can encounter issues from time to time, affecting the performance and functionality of your computer. But fear not, as there are effective solutions to get your system back up and running smoothly. From troubleshooting common problems to using system restore points, let's explore some essential techniques for repairing Windows 10.

To repair Windows 10, it's crucial to begin by understanding the root causes of system issues. Windows 10 has a wide range of error codes that can occur due to various reasons such as incompatible software, driver conflicts, or malware infections. By identifying these underlying causes, you can devise an appropriate solution. Whether it's utilizing built-in diagnostic tools like the Windows Event Viewer or performing a clean boot to isolate problematic software, understanding the history and background of Windows 10 can empower you to effectively troubleshoot and repair any issues that arise.

How To Repair Windows 10

Introduction: Understanding the Importance of Repairing Windows 10

Windows 10 is a widely used operating system that offers numerous features and functionalities. However, like any other software, it is not immune to errors, bugs, and performance issues. When your Windows 10 system experiences problems, it can significantly impact your productivity and overall user experience. Repairing Windows 10 is crucial to ensure smooth operation and optimize system performance. This article will guide you through the process of repairing Windows 10, covering various aspects and techniques to effectively resolve common issues.

1. Repairing Windows 10 Using Built-in Tools

Windows 10 comes with several built-in tools that can help diagnose and repair common issues. Following are some essential tools you can utilize:

a) Windows Troubleshooter

The Windows Troubleshooter is a powerful tool that can automatically detect and fix various problems on your system. To access it, go to the "Settings" menu by pressing the Windows key + I, then navigate to "Update & Security" and click on "Troubleshoot." From there, you can choose the specific troubleshooter relevant to your issue, such as the "Hardware and Devices" troubleshooter for hardware-related problems or the "Internet Connections" troubleshooter for network-related issues. Windows Troubleshooter will guide you through the repair process, providing step-by-step instructions to resolve the problem.

b) System File Checker (SFC)

The System File Checker (SFC) is a command-line tool that scans and repairs corrupted system files. To run the SFC utility, follow these steps:

  • Press the Windows key + X and open the Command Prompt (Admin) or PowerShell (Admin).
  • Type sfc /scannow and press Enter.
  • Wait for the scanning process to complete. If any issues are found, SFC will automatically replace the corrupted files with a cached copy.
  • Restart your computer after the process completes.

c) DISM Tool

The Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) tool is another command-line utility that allows you to repair the Windows image files. This tool is particularly useful when the SFC utility fails to fix the system files. To use the DISM tool, follow these steps:

  • Open the Command Prompt (Admin) or PowerShell (Admin), as mentioned earlier.
  • Type dism /online /cleanup-image /restorehealth and press Enter.
  • Wait for the process to complete. It may take some time, so be patient.
  • Once the process finishes, restart your computer.

2. Performing a System Restore

If your Windows 10 system is experiencing consistent issues, such as frequent crashes or performance degradation, performing a system restore can be a viable solution. System restore allows you to revert your computer's settings back to a previous state when it was functioning correctly. Keep in mind that performing a system restore will remove any programs or drivers installed after the chosen restore point. Follow these steps to perform a system restore:

  • Press the Windows key + R, type rstrui, and press Enter. This will open the System Restore window.
  • Click on "Next" and select the desired restore point from the available list. If you don't see a suitable restore point, check the box that says "Show more restore points."
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to initiate the system restore process.
  • After the process completes, your computer will restart, and the selected restore point will be applied.

3. Reinstalling Problematic Applications

If a specific application is causing issues on your Windows 10 system, reinstalling it can often resolve the problem. Follow these steps to reinstall an application:

  • Press the Windows key + I to open the "Settings" menu.
  • Click on "Apps" and navigate to the "Apps & Features" tab.
  • Scroll through the list of installed applications and select the problematic application.
  • Click on "Uninstall" and follow the on-screen instructions to remove the application.
  • After the uninstallation is complete, visit the application's official website, download the latest version, and reinstall it.

a) Removing Applications Using PowerShell

In some cases, a problematic application may not appear in the "Apps" section of the Settings menu. You can use PowerShell to uninstall such applications. Follow these steps:

  • Press the Windows key + X and open PowerShell (Admin).
  • Type Get-AppxPackage -name "ApplicationName", replacing "ApplicationName" with the name of the application you wish to uninstall.
  • Make a note of the full package name of the application from the results.
  • Type Remove-AppxPackage -package "PackageName" and replace "PackageName" with the package name of the application.
  • Press Enter to uninstall the application.

b) Reinstalling Applications from Microsoft Store

If the problematic application was downloaded from the Microsoft Store, you can reinstall it directly from there. Follow these steps:

  • Open the Microsoft Store by clicking on its icon in the taskbar or searching for it in the Start menu.
  • Click on the three dots in the upper-right corner and select "Downloads and updates."
  • Under "Ready to install," you will find a list of applications that were installed previously. Click on the application you wish to reinstall.
  • Click on the "Install" button to initiate the reinstallation process.

4. Reinstalling Windows 10

If all other repair methods fail or your Windows 10 system is severely damaged, reinstalling the operating system should be considered. Reinstalling Windows 10 will erase all data on your system drive, so it is essential to back up your files before proceeding. The process of reinstalling Windows 10 includes creating bootable media, reinstalling the operating system, and reinstalling your programs and files. Here are the basic steps to reinstall Windows 10:

  • Back up all your important files and data to an external storage device.
  • Create bootable media, such as a USB drive, with the Windows 10 installation files. You can use the official Windows 10 Media Creation Tool for this purpose.
  • Restart your computer and boot from the bootable media.
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to reinstall Windows 10.
  • After the installation completes, reinstall your programs and restore your files from the backup.

Exploring Advanced Repair Options for Windows 10

In addition to the built-in tools and basic repair methods for Windows 10, there are also advanced options available for more complex issues. These options require technical knowledge and caution. Let's explore some of the advanced repair methods for Windows 10:

1. Running Check Disk (CHKDSK)

Check Disk (CHKDSK) is a command-line utility that scans and repairs issues with the file system and hard disk on your Windows 10 system. Running CHKDSK requires administrative privileges. Here's how you can use CHKDSK to repair your system:

  • Press the Windows key + X and open the Command Prompt (Admin) or PowerShell (Admin).
  • Type chkdsk C: /f and press Enter. Replace "C" with the letter of the drive you want to scan.
  • Press Y and then Enter when prompted if you want to schedule CHKDSK to run at the next system restart.
  • Restart your computer, and CHKDSK will run automatically during the boot-up process.

2. Using System Restore from Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE)

If your Windows 10 system fails to boot or encounters critical errors, you can use the Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) to access advanced repair options. In WinRE, you can use the System Restore feature to restore your system to a previous working state. Follow these steps:

  • Restart your computer and repeatedly press the F11 key or any other key (depending on your device) to enter the WinRE environment.
  • Click on "Troubleshoot" > "Advanced Options" > "System Restore."
  • Select the desired restore point and follow the on-screen instructions to perform the system restore.

3. Refreshing or Resetting Windows 10

If your Windows 10 system experiences severe issues that cannot be resolved through other repair methods, you can choose to refresh or reset your PC. Refreshing your PC keeps your personal files and important settings, while removing apps and drivers that you installed. Resetting your PC removes everything, essentially reinstalling Windows 10. Follow these steps to refresh or reset Windows 10:

  • Press the Windows key + I to open the "Settings" menu.
  • Click on "Update & Security" and navigate to the "Recovery" tab.
  • Under "Reset this PC," click on "Get started."
  • Choose either the "Keep my files" option to refresh the system or the "Remove everything" option to reset the system.
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the process.

4. Contacting Microsoft Support

If all else fails or you encounter a complex issue that requires expert assistance, it is recommended to contact Microsoft Support. Microsoft offers various support channels, including phone support, community forums, and online chat. They have specialized technicians who can guide you through advanced troubleshooting and provide personalized solutions for your Windows 10 repair needs.


Repairing Windows 10 is essential to maintain system performance and resolve common issues. By utilizing the built-in tools, performing system restores, reinstalling problematic applications, or even reinstalling the entire operating system, you can effectively troubleshoot and repair your Windows 10 system. In the case of more complex issues, advanced repair options like running Check Disk or using the Windows Recovery Environment can be employed. Remember to always back up your important files before attempting any repair methods, and if needed, don't hesitate to seek assistance from Microsoft Support. By following these guidelines, you can maintain a stable and optimized Windows 10 environment.

How To Repair Windows 10

Troubleshooting and Repairing Windows 10

Windows 10 is a powerful operating system, but it's not immune to issues and errors. If you're experiencing problems with your Windows 10 installation, there are several steps you can take to troubleshoot and repair the issues:

  • Restart your computer: Sometimes, a simple restart can fix minor software glitches and restore normal system functionality.
  • Run the Windows Troubleshooter: Windows 10 comes with built-in troubleshooters that can automatically detect and fix common problems such as network connectivity issues, hardware drivers, and system performance.
  • Update your drivers: Outdated or incompatible drivers can cause various issues in Windows 10. Make sure to regularly update your drivers from the manufacturer's website or by using a reliable driver updater tool.
  • Scan for malware: Malware infections can cause system instability and poor performance. Use a reputable antivirus or anti-malware software to scan your system and remove any detected threats.
  • Reset or reinstall Windows: If all else fails, you can try resetting or reinstalling Windows 10. This will remove all your files and programs, so make sure to back up your important data before proceeding.

Remember, if you're not comfortable troubleshooting and repairing Windows 10 yourself, it's always best to seek professional assistance to avoid further complications.

Key Takeaways - How to Repair Windows 10

  • Perform a startup repair to fix common Windows 10 issues.
  • Use the built-in System File Checker tool to repair corrupted system files.
  • Reset Windows 10 to its default settings to resolve major software problems.
  • Reinstall problematic applications to troubleshoot issues with specific programs.
  • Create a system restore point before attempting any repairs to avoid data loss.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some common questions about repairing Windows 10:

1. How do I repair corrupted system files in Windows 10?

To repair corrupted system files in Windows 10, you can use the System File Checker (SFC) utility. Follow these steps:

1. Open the Command Prompt as an administrator.

2. Type the command "sfc /scannow" and press enter. This will initiate the scanning process.

3. Wait for the scan to complete. If any corrupted files are found, the utility will attempt to repair them automatically.

4. Once the scan is finished, restart your computer to apply the repairs.

2. How can I fix the Windows 10 blue screen of death (BSOD) error?

If you encounter the blue screen of death (BSOD) error in Windows 10, you can try these troubleshooting steps:

1. Restart your computer. Sometimes, the error may be temporary and can be resolved by a simple restart.

2. Update your drivers. Outdated or incompatible drivers can cause BSOD errors. Visit the manufacturer's website for your hardware and download the latest drivers.

3. Check for hardware issues. Faulty hardware components can also trigger BSOD errors. Run hardware diagnostics to identify any problems.

4. Disable overclocking. If you have overclocked your CPU or GPU, revert them to their default settings. Overclocking can lead to stability issues.

3. What should I do if Windows 10 won't boot?

If Windows 10 won't boot, you can try the following steps:

1. Use the Windows Startup Repair tool. Boot your computer from the Windows installation media and select the "Startup Repair" option.

2. Check for hardware issues. Ensure that all hardware components are properly connected and functioning correctly.

3. Use the System Restore feature. If the issue occurred after installing new software or drivers, you can try restoring your system to a previous state.

4. Reinstall Windows 10. As a last resort, you can perform a clean installation of Windows 10 to resolve boot issues.

4. How do I fix the "No Internet, Secured" Wi-Fi issue in Windows 10?

To resolve the "No Internet, Secured" Wi-Fi issue in Windows 10, you can try these steps:

1. Restart your router and modem. Sometimes, the issue may be with your network hardware and a simple restart can fix it.

2. Update your Wi-Fi driver. Visit the manufacturer's website for your Wi-Fi adapter and download the latest driver.

3. Reset network settings. Open the Command Prompt as an administrator and run the commands "netsh winsock reset" and "netsh int ip reset". Restart your computer after executing the commands.

4. Disable IPv6. Go to the Network and Sharing Center, click on your Wi-Fi connection, select "Properties", uncheck the "Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6)" box, and click "OK".

5. How can I restore missing or corrupted Windows 10 system files?

If you have missing or corrupted system files in Windows 10, you can use the Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM) tool to restore them:

1. Open the Command Prompt as an administrator.

2. Type the command "DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth" and press enter. This will initiate the restoration process.

Repairing Windows 10 doesn't have to be a daunting task. By following a few simple steps, you can troubleshoot and fix common issues that may arise. Remember to always back up your important files before attempting any repairs.

First, try using the built-in Windows system tools such as the System File Checker and the Windows Update Troubleshooter. These tools can help identify and resolve problems with system files and updates. If that doesn't solve the issue, you can try performing a system restore to a previous point in time when the system was functioning properly.

If all else fails, you can consider resetting or reinstalling Windows 10. Resetting will remove all your personal files and settings, but it can often fix stubborn problems. Reinstalling Windows 10 will start fresh but requires a backup of your data beforehand.

Remember to seek professional help if you're not comfortable performing these repairs on your own. With a little patience and the right resources, you can effectively repair Windows 10 and get your computer working smoothly again.

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